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备考干货:2017年中考英语作文万能句型

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  近几年的四级作文题基本上都是要求考生就某种现实现象或观点发表自己的看法,内容多是考生所熟悉的社会热点话题或大学生生活题材。写好四级作文有两个关键点:第一,根据英文的表达习惯来安排写作结构;第二,用自己熟悉的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出自己的观点和看法。因此,老师将按照起承转合的结构安排,为大家详细介绍一下写作中常用的重点关联词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家四级写作提供有用的素材。

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  (一)起

一、开头句型

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大高校陆续开始,很多过初试的考生已经开始了紧张的复试准备,让大家最为担心的是英语复试的备考。能不能取得最后的成功,英语复试是一个关键。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  自我介绍还可以提前背一背,可如果抽到一个随机的话题让我们展开叙说的话,就会有一定的难度。这里老师就给大家介绍几种展开话题的方法,希望大家能够运用上,使自己的言语表达更加的清晰流畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some argue that…, while others believe that…

2.It goes without saying that… 不言而喻,…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

3.It can be said with certainty that… 可以肯定地说……

  因果法是用来解释“为什么”的问题。我们可以根据一个结果去推导其原因,要以事实和证据为根据,前后过程要合乎逻辑和常理。例如:“你为什么考研”?Why do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

4.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from, lead to, so... as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in this way, thanks to等。

  4. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

5.It has to be noticed that… 它必须注意到,…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

6.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普遍认为…

  定义法可以用来阐述“是什么”的问题,即用一段话来解释说明某个抽象的概念或具体事物的性质、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What is honesty? 我们可以用如下形式来展开论述:Honesty means telling the truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with nowadays is …

7.It‘s likely that … 这可能是因为…

  常用关联词汇: what is..., to be defined as, the definition of ... is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

8.It‘s hardly that… 这是很难的……

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

9.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它几乎没有太多的说…

  例证是为了证明主题而存在的。当主题为理论性或概述的论点时,就需要通过举例或例证来加以支持,以说服听者,同时要注意逻辑严密。例如:In many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on TV or radio.

  (二)承

10.What calls for special attention is that…需要特别注意的是

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore, besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 关联词语或重点词汇:

11.There‘s no denying the fact that…毫无疑问,无可否认

  总之,考研复试时,拿到题目后应立刻审题,积极思考,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,这样会使你的阐述更具逻辑性。展开的方法就是运用因果法、定义法、例证法等。另外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神交流,紧紧地抓住对方的注意力。在复试前的关键时期,大家一定要多锻炼与人交流的能力。祝大家考研复试顺利,超常发挥,顺利进入自己心仪的学校!

  递进:

12.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 没有什么比这更重要的是…

  来源:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover, furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not least

13.what‘s far more important is that… 更重要的是…

  举例:

二、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate, for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good case in point

1.A case in point is … 一个典型的例子是…

  因果:

2.As is often the case…由于通常情况下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to, based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a consequence

3.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

4.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore 然而问题并非如此简单,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups, consist of

5.But it‘s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

  2. 句型及常用表达结构:

6.For all that…对于这一切…… In spite of the fact that…尽管事实……

  举例:

7.Further, we hold opinion that… 此外,我们坚持认为,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

8.However , the difficulty lies in…然而,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

9.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样,我们要注意…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

11.In view of the present station。鉴于目前形势

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be sufficient。

12.As has been mentioned above…正如上面所提到的…

  因果:

13.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从这个角度上我们可以说

  There are several reasons for…

14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is… 然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

三、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

1.I will conclude by saying… 最后我要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following conclusion…

2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…因此,我们有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …, thirdly,…

3.All things considered,总而言之 It may be safely said that…它可以有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

4.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more advisable…因此,在我看来,更可取的是…

  分类:

5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that…通过数据我们得到的结论是,…

  …may be divided into…

7.It can be concluded from the discussion that…从中我们可以得出这样的结论

  (三)转

8.From my point of view, it would be better if…在我看来……也许更好

  转折:

四、举例句型

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless, unfortunately

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  对比:

3.Here is one more example。

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly, similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

4.Take … for example。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

5.The same is true of…

  We can compare …with …

6.This offers a typical instance of…

  …has something in common with…

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  By contrasting …and…

五、常用于引言段的句型

  …has little common with…

1.Some people think that … 有些人认为…To be frank, I can not agree with their opinion for the reasons below。坦率地说,我不能同意他们的意见,理由如下。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true that…

2.For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different now。多年来,……一直被视为……,但今天的情况有很大的不同。

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